Formaldehyde, a known carcinogen and respiratory irritant, is frequently employed as a hardener and preservative for nails.
DBP has been associated with hormonal disruptions and may impact reproductive health.
Toluene is a solvent that can cause damage to the nervous system, respiratory problems, and developmental issues.
Camphor in high concentrations can irritate the skin, and inhaling its fumes can cause vertigo or nausea.
Used as a flame retardant, TPHP may interfere with hormonal function.
This ingredient may contribute to antibiotic resistance and interfere with endocrine function.
Xylene is a solvent that can cause irritation of the skin and lungs, as well as headaches and vertigo.
MMA is a strong adhesive, but its use in nail products can cause irritation to the epidermis and damage to the nails.
Parabens are preservatives with the potential to disrupt hormonal homeostasis and have adverse health effects.