Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser twice daily to remove excess sebum and dirt without overdrying the skin.
Avoid abrasive detergents and exfoliants, as they can exacerbate inflammation and irritation.
To prevent clogged pores, choose skincare and cosmetics products with the "non-comedogenic" label.
Consider using over-the-counter or prescription topical retinoids to unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and stimulate cell turnover.
Products containing salicylic acid can aid in skin exfoliation and pore cleansing.
Benzoyl peroxide is effective at killing microorganisms that cause acne and reducing inflammation. Start with a diluted solution.
Consult a dermatologist for prescription-strength treatments, such as topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, and hormonal therapies (for hormonal acne).
Consume a balanced diet that is abundant in fruits, vegetables, whole cereals, and lean proteins. Limit dairy and foods high in glycemic index.
Drink plenty of water to hydrate your epidermis and promote its overall health.
Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen daily to prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and protect your skin from UV damage.
Avoid picking or compressing acne lesions, as doing so can exacerbate inflammation and cause scarring.
Keep your hair and any accessories that come into contact with your face, such as phones and pillowcases, clean to prevent the transfer of sebum and bacteria.